Towey DNA Genealogical Analysis
Your Towey DNA Analysis
Has your DNA been analyzed?? It would be nice to post it here for Towey viewers to check DNA similarities, particularly if both parents are of Irish descent. Could you send your DNA analysis by email to Bill Towey, our DNA Coordinator, whether or not you are of Irish genealogical heritage.
One Towey DNA Analysis
Would you like to compare your DNA analysis with another Towey family?? Click DNA Analysis Bil Towey who was ToweyClan.com Webmaster 2010 to 2017.
Although Bill Towey’s father is of known Irish heritage, please note his mother is of German heritage. His document displays DNA analysis by three genealogical DNA companies.
This analysis could also apply to his brother Richard E. Towey, Clan Genealogist 2001 to 2012 and his sister Janet Towey Mann, Chan Secretary 2004 to 2010.
- Dick and Janet physically researched ancestor birth records in Ballaghaderreen and in Germany.
- Dick’s and Janet’s genealogy research of their ancestor’s birth records identified we are Irish 56% and German 44% (our great grandmother of Irish descent was born in Great Britain and married in Germany).
If you care to look a deeper, a “male yDNA Paternal Haplogroup” for Bill Towey depicts geographic migration of his paternal ancestors in DNA terms of Halogroups and Markers
Why DNA Analysis
- Encoded in our DNA is the geographic region our ancestors, even ancient ancestors, called home.
- DNA analysis helps determine which geographic regions our ancestors originated and migrated through.
- Using a persons saliva sample, his/her DNA sequences are compared and matched with DNA samples already in the company database that have been specifically identified to exact geographic regions.
- It breakdowns our ethnic makeup by percentage and our ancestral lines by geographic region.
- The accuracy of an individual’s saliva is only as precise as the size of the company’s DNA database. Greater accuracy is expected as each company’s DNA sub-group database is expanded.
Do you know the three types of DNA tests??
DNA analysis is offered by several genealogical companies as advertised on TV. Though not mentioned in ads, they perform an autosomal DNA test and analysis. And may even offer yDNA and mtDNA analysis.
- Autosomal DNA testing is the most recent and most popular. Autosomal (atDNA) utilizes DNA from 22 pairs of autosomal (body chromosomes) inherited from both parents — the father (yDNA) and the mother (mtDNA), plus our four grandparents, our eight great-grandparents, etc., etc., etc. This test does not distinguish between paternal and maternal, ancestors or ethnicities.
- yDNA testing: Only males have a Y chromosome, inherited father to son, and so yDNA can only be tested by males to explore their direct paternal ancestor line – the father, grandfathers, great grandfathers, etc.
- mtDNA testing: mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) is inherited only through female parent ancestors. Only egg cells, and not sperm cells, keep their mitochondria. This enables genealogy researchers to trace maternal lineage far back in time – the mother, the grandmothers, great grandmothers, etc.
The International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG): ISOGG is dedicated to promoting the use of genetics for genealogy. To learn more, visit the ISOGG website at http://www.isogg.org
What are the companies offering DNA testing
- www.familytreedna.com/products/family-finder (also offers yDNA and mtDNA testing)
If involved to DNA research and analysis, here is a bit of DNA terminology
- Genes: A specific sequence of genetic compounds in DNA that is usually located on a chromosome and is a functional unit of inheritance. Genes inside the nucleus of a cell are strung together in such a way that the sequence carries information: that information determines how living organisms inherit various features
- Chromosome: A DNA molecule and its proteins which line up and make a long string of genetic material (genes). First 22 chromosomes are inherited from both parents and all recent ancestors. The 23rd is the X-chromosome that follows a special inheritance pattern.
- Genome: Every person inherits two copies of a human genome, one from each parent. The parent’s two genomes crossover and randomly recombine in that person.
- DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid: DNA stores biological information. The main component of chromosomes and is the material that transfers genetic characteristics down through all life forms.
- Mitochondria: Found in certain types of cells to produce energy needed for cell activities (cell growth, division and death ) from foods we eat.
- Haplogroup: Haplogroups are used in conjunction with yDNA and mtDNA tests to define where ancestor populations originated geographically then migrated elsewhere, such as people of European descent, Asian, Jewish, Native American and African. yDNA haplogroups are named from A to T with subgroups using numbers and lower case letters. For example: R1b1b2 identifies Central European and West European ancestors, including Ireland and Great Britain.
- Markers: SNP and STR markers are used in yDNA and mtDNA testing to further define genetic mapping and establish common ancestry within recent centuries. The first 12 SNR markers for a person are considered “deep ancestry” markers and may show matches with people of same or different surnames even before surnames came into use.
Towey Clan DNA Project of 2004
Way back in 2004, Mike Towey, Clan Chairperson, 2004 to 2017, and Dick Towey (1928 – 2017), Clan Genealogist 2004 to 2012, undertook the first Towey Clan DNA Project to help tie together some common genealogy relationships for the Towey Clan. The Towey Clan DNA analysis at that time focused solely on the male yDNA analysis, but has not been updated since 2007. Results are located at www.ysearch.org.
Dick generated the Towey Clan yDNA Information Chart for the eight Toweys who took the test. It a bit technical and portrays our Irish relationship in terms of DNA Haplogroup and STR markers. It also displays our genealogical relationship with Mike Towey, Clan Chieftain, who was Irish born and raised near our Ballaghaderreen homeland. It also identifies that male Toweys, along with about 20 percent of all other Irish males, are genetically related to a common ancestor, i.e., Niall of the Nine Hostages, an ancient Irish leader at Tara about 379 to 405 AD.